Antlis Oil and Gas Limited Products
Petroleum/Premium Motor Spirit (PMS)
Premium motor spirit (PMS) is one of the most widely used petroleum products. It is a mixture of volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbons derived from petroleum that is used as fuel for internal combustion engines. The boiling range of motor spirit falls between -1 ℃ and 210 ℃ and has the potential to contain several hundred isomers of the various hydrocarbons. It was first produced from light naphtha batch distilled from crude oil and liquid condensate from natural gas production. Today, it is prepared by mixing various components produced by refining processes such as atmospheric distillation, polymerization, isomerization and catalytic reforming among others.
Automotive Gas Oil (AGO) – Diesel
This is any fuel suitable for burning in diesel or compression ignition engines and non-aviation gas turbines with many possible combinations of volatility, ignition quality, viscosity and other properties. Two main grades of diesel fuel are marketed: automotive gas oil and light diesel oil. The former is a 100 percent distillate fuel while the latter is a blend of distillate fuel with a small proportion of residual fuel in the ratio of 80:20. Diesel fuels originally were straight-run products obtained from distillation of crude oil. Currently, diesel fuel may also contain varying amounts of selected cracked distillates to increase the volume available.
Dual Purpose Kerosene (DPK)
Dual Purpose Kerosene (DPK), also called paraffin or paraffin oil, is a flammable pale yellow or colourless oily distillate fraction with characteristic odour intermediate in volatility between motor spirit and gas oil that distils between 150 ℃ and 300 ℃. It has a flash point of about 45 ℃ and is suitable for use as an illuminant when burned in a wide lamp. Kerosene was first manufactured in the 1850s from coal tar, hence the name coal oil often applied to kerosene, but since 1859 kerosene has remained a distillation fraction of petroleum.
Jet Fuel is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in jet-engined aircraft.
The most common fuel is an unleaded/paraffin oil-based fuel classified as JET A-1, which is produced to an internationally standardized set of specifications. In the United States only, a version of JET A-1 known as JET A is also used.
The only other jet fuel that is commonly used in civilian aviation is called JET B. JET B is a fuel in the Naphtha-kerosene region that is used for its enhanced cold-weather performance
|Freezing point||-47℃(-40℃ for JET A)|
|Open air burning temperatures||260-315℃ (500-599 ℉)|
|Maximum burning temperatures||980℃ (1796 ℉)|
|Density at 15 ℃ (60 ℉)||0.775-0.840 kg/L|
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) – Cooking Gas
Liquefied petroleum gas (also known as LPG, LP Gas or Auto-gas) is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases. It is commonly used in the household, for example for cooking, or as fuel for heating. LPG is replacing Chlorofluorocarbons more and more, also because it is less harmful to the ozone layer. Very often, mixes of propane and butane are sold
Russian Export Blend Crude Oil (REBCO)
Russia is the world’s second largest producer of crude oil and also one of the world’s top oil exporters. Russian export blend crude oil (REBCO) is a medium gravity sour crude that accounts for exports of approximately 4 million barrels per day into the Atlantic Basin or to other nearby refining markets. The New York Mercantile Exchange, Inc., the world’s largest energy marketplace, has developed a proposed REBCO futures contract in collaboration with Expertica Ltd. The expected benefits of a REBCO futures contract are continuous price discovery, market transparency, and financial protection against the risk of counterparty default.
|REBCO (GOST 9965-76)|
|Maximum Sulfur Content 1,8% Paraffin Content 6,0%|
|Maximum Water & Sediment Content 1,2%|
|Distillation, Weight 21%|
|Up to 200 ℃ min 21|
|Up to 300 ℃ min 41|
|Up to 350 ℃ min 50|
|Maximum salts content, MG/L 100|
D2 (High Speed Oil)
D2 is a refinery abbreviation for Gasoil. It is the second distillate from the crude oil, and can be used without reformers and additives. So, the first engines used D2 as fuel – before petrol cars as we know them today was invented. That is because the engine invented by a German called Diesel, requires no spark plugs. The diesel engine will ignite and combust when the pressure increases so that the heated “plug” makes it explode. Here we get the name “Diesel” – since the same principles are used in diesel engines today. However, automotive diesel that you fill has additives that the refinery will add to make the engine more efficient and also easier to start in the winter. Diesel changes “flash point” in the winter. It also has additives to absorb water that condense. If you use summer diesel in the winter, you will get better mileage, but your fuel pipes may freeze and can also burst, and the wax makes the diesel flow thicker.
DMazut is a heavy, low quality fuel oil, used in generating plants and similar applications. In the United States and Western Europe, mazut is blended or broken down, with the end product being diesel. Mazut-100 is a fuel oil that is manufactured to GOST specifications, for example GOST 10585-99. Mazut is almost exclusively manufactured in the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan. The most important thing when grading this fuel is the sulphur content.
Mazut 100-75 VLS and Mazut 100-99 Grade I are actually the same thing. GOST merged the old classifications of 75 and 99 into a new seven grade classification, all under 100-99. For whatever reason, many people still use the old 75 classification; particularly the Chinese.
The grades are represented by these sulphuric levels:
- “Very Low Sulphur” is mazut with a sulphur content of 0.5%
- “Low Sulphur” is a mazut with a sulphur content of 0.5-1.0%
- “Normal Sulphur” is a mazut with a sulphur content of 1.0-2.0%
- “High Sulphur” is a mazut with a sulphur content of 2.0-3.5%.