## KNUST Undergraduate Grading System

### GRADING SYSTEM OF KNUST

Welcome to Knust. We are very proud to have you with us. There is this important thing you have to know. To me, it’s the most important thing in this school and it is the exact reasons why you are here. I hope you are here to acquire knowledge, to top up the little you know, to obtain a bachelor’s degree to become that Engineer, Contractor, Lawyer, Medical doctor, Manager, Accountant, Teacher, Sociologist that you so desire. Nevertheless, the school has made it in a way that you can’t just pass your Wassce, buy admission forms, register online, come to school, do your biometric, register your courses, go to class to study, do quizzes and end of semester examination and at the end of your academic year just give you a certificate that would be recognize by all as the Engineer, Contractor, Lawyer or the doctor you so wish to be. It has laid done and scintillated procedures to test you on everything that you do here on campus. Mostly Academics though, but I bet you, your results at the end of your academic year won’t only be a reflection of what you did academically but actually what you did throughout your four, five, six or seven years of stay as an undergraduate student.

Let me introduce you to this system. The CWA (cumulative weighted Average). This is the system that Knust uses to test its students, to grade them and at the end of the day, some are tipped first class, second-class upper, second-class lower or pass. If this is what will determine your faith in school then you should know this system so well so that you know how to go your way around it.

Right now that you are in first year first semester, each student have a CWA of 100.00 but as soon as you start class, as soon as your lecturers start to give you quizzes, mid-semesters, and you writes you end of semester 1 examination, you determines your faith by your scores. Generally, your examination covers just 70% and quizzes, mid semester examination, practicals, assignments, research, punctuality, group works and other once based on the course and the lecturer’s own discretion of how he/she wants to access you on the course sum up to the other 30% making a complete 100%. However, it’s not easy to get 100% in every course but with effort, you can do better.

First class a CWA of 70.00 and above

Second class upper a CWA of 60.00 to 69.99

Second class lowers a CWA of 50.00 to 59.99

Pass a CWA of 40.00 to 49.99

Anything below 40.00 at the end of all your academic year means that you can’t graduate. It means you have failed that particular program.

Each semester, the number of courses that one can offer differ from at least 3 to 10 and in some much an extent 11, 12 and even 13. However, interestingly a student doing three courses per semester and the one doing eleven per the same semester should all have their credit hours total between 16 to 21 and nothing less or more.

Suppose you have the following courses for year one semester one.

Charles Blessed. BSC. CONSTRUCTION TECH. & MGT.

BT 351 CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY 3

BT 353 ELEMENTARY THEORY OF STRUCTURES 2

BT 355 POST-CONTRACT PLANNING AND CONTROL 2

BT 357 PRODUCTIVITY PROJECT ACCOUNTING AND MARKETING 2

BT 359 CONSTRUCTION PROCUREMENT AND COMMENCE 2

BT 361 CONTRACT LAW AND ARBITRATION 2

BT 363 PROJECT COST MANAGEMENT 2

CTM 351 MEASUREMENT OF CONSTRUCTION WORKS 2 3

CTM 357 DESIGN AND INSTALLATION OF BUILDING SERVICES 2

A student above has a total credit hour of 20 and 9 registered courses. If he is a first year student, then it means his CWA is 100.00 as I said earlier nevertheless, at the end of the semester, after he has participated in all quizzes, tests, mid-semester examination, and end of semester examination and say he got the following totals.

BT 351 CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY 74 A EXCELLENT

BT 353 ELEMENTARY THEORY OF STRUCTURES 71 A EXCELLENT

BT 355 POST-CONTRACT PLANNING AND CONTROL 67 B VERY GOOD

BT 357 PRODUCTIVITY PROJECT ACCOUNTING AND MARKETING 89 A EXCELLENT

BT 359 CONSTRUCTION PROCUREMENT AND COMMENCE 55 C GOOD

BT 361 CONTRACT LAW AND ARBITRATION 47 D AVERAGE

BT 363 PROJECT COST MANAGEMENT 67 B VERY GOOD

CTM 351 MEASUREMENT OF CONSTRUCTION WORKS 2 70 A EXCELLENT

CTM 357 DESIGN AND INSTALLATION OF BUILDING SERVICES 34 E FAIL

What happens now is that the score that he gets for say concrete technology is being multiplied by the credit hours of that course which was 3. Therefore, for concrete technology alone he has 3*74, which equals to 222

On the other hand, the score he had for project cost management, which was 67, is also multiplied by its credit hours 67 giving 2*67, which is, equal to 134.

The same procedure is done for all of them at the end of the multiplication, thus multiplying the scores which came up from the end of semester examination 70% and class quizzes, Mid Sems and the rest 30% by the credit hour of the courses, the totals of all of them is divided by the number of total credit hours. In our example above, the total credit hours were 20. Therefore, it would be

BT 351 CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY 3*74 = 222

BT 353 ELEMENTARY THEORY OF STRUCTURES 2*71 = 142

BT 355 POST-CONTRACT PLANNING AND CONTROL 2*67 = 134

BT 357 PRODUCTIVITY PROJECT ACCOUNTING AND MARKETING 2*89 = 178

BT 359 CONSTRUCTION PROCUREMENT AND COMMENCE 2*55 = 110

BT 361 CONTRACT LAW AND ARBITRATION 2*47 = 94

BT 363 PROJECT COST MANAGEMENT 2*67 = 134

CTM 351 MEASUREMENT OF CONSTRUCTION WORKS 2 3*70 = 210

CTM 357 DESIGNS AND INSTALLATION OF BUILDING SERVICES 2*34 = 68

The above totals to 1292, which is divided by the total credit hours, which for the above was 20

So 1292 divided by 20 equals 64.6 therefore the CWA for Charles Blessed a first year student who just did his first examination is now 64.60 this is his starting point.

Before I continue, analysing the example above, you could see that Charles had 89 in a 2 credit hours course and at the same time had 70 in a 3 credit hour course. However, the multiplication shows that the 70 in the three credits was higher than the 89 in the two credit hour course. Therefore, as an advice gives great attention to the courses that have higher credit hours as to those that have lower. That’s a 3,4,5 or 6 credit hour course must be taken seriously and studied more than a 2 or 1 but nevertheless, share the cake fairly. Again, you can also see that he trailed the last course Design and Installation though from his CWA he is already in Second Class Upper. Since Charles has trailed, he has to resit that paper again until he gets a pass or more. If Charles trail more than four courses per semester he will be dismissed from school, if Charles completes school and still have some trailed courses he has to write them all before they give him his certificate. If Charles unluckily drops to 43.98 without any trails, he will complete school without a certificate. If Charles try hard next semester say year one semester two, he increases he can go to first class or increase within the upper range. For that, this is how it works:

Now Charles has a CWA of 64.60 from year one Semester one. Now at year one Semester two, Charles followed my advice and studied hard. He had a total of say 1576 and had a total of 21 credit hours which gives him an average of that semester of 75.04 therefore the total CWA for Charles at the end of year one would be

1576 + 1292 = 2868 which would be divided by the credit hours 20 + 21 = 41 so it would be 2868 divided by 41 which would give Charles a CWA at the end of first year of 69.95. Therefore, this is how it goes until you complete school. As you see, the more you progress the more bigger the denominator of the division would be, so I would entreat all fresher’s to give out their all in first year first semester where you have a smaller denominator divided your total scores of the courses you registered.

I hope it has been helpful and I am proud you’ve read to the end. I wish you all the best of luck and don’t forget your source of power, mine is God. Nice to have you in our mist, welcome to KNUST.

**See Also**

**Admissions For Other Universities In Ghana | KNUST Admissions**