University of Ghana Nursing School Programmes

University of Ghana Nursing School Programmes

Programmes

Degree Programme
The School currently runs a 4year Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree programme with options in the final year. The options are: Paediatrics Nursing, General Nursing, Mental Health Nursing, Community Nursing and Midwifery. Every academic year has two semesters with 16 weeks in each semester.  Students undertake 6weeks clinicals at the end of every academic year and 3weeks during each semester.
Graduate Studies
The School also runs a Master of Science (MSc) and Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Nursing prorammes for 12 and 24 months duration respectively.

 

Degree Course Information
Level 100
NURS 101 Human Anatomy I
This course is designed to help students appreciate the normal structure of the human body and apply this knowledge in nursing. The students will be exposed to the cell structure, embryology, the circulatory, respiratory and digestive systems.  Students will also be exposed to preserved body structures to aid understanding. Diagrams of anatomical structures will also be presented as part of the course. There will be concurrent practical sessions.
NURS 102 Human Anatomy II
This course is a continuation of NURS 101. The course will help students recognise the normal structure of the body and apply this knowledge in nursing.  The students will be exposed to preserved body structures to aid better understanding.  Descriptions of anatomical structures of the genito-urinary system, the reproductive systems, nervous systems, endocrine and musculo-skeletal systems are provided. There will be concurrent practical sessions.
NURS 103 Human Physiology I
This course is designed to give students in-depth knowledge in the general function and physiological processes of the normal human body. Students will study the functions and specific biophysiochemical properties of organs in the circulatory, respiratory and digestive systems as well as metabolisms. There will be concurrent practical sessions.
NURS 104 Human Physiology II
This course is a continuation of NURS 103.  It is designed to introduce students to the physiological processes involved in the normal functioning of the musculoskeletal system, endocrine system, urinary system, nervous system, reproductive system and special sensory organs.  Students are expected to study specific biophysiochemical properties of these systems. There will be concurrent practical sessions.
NURS 105 Introduction to Community Health Nursing
This course introduces students to the history, processes and methods of community health nursing. Students will also discuss the concept of health, personal and environmental health. They will develop competencies in promoting health in the community and managing home accidents. The students will be expected to select a community or group and examine their environmental health practices.
NURS 107 Introduction to Mental Health Nursing 
This course is designed to introduce the beginning nurse to the basic concepts in mental health care.  It consists of various concepts used in psychiatric/mental health nursing which would be useful to students in understanding behaviours of clients. The course will be useful to students who are preparing to care for patients with biopsychosocial needs in a variety of clinical settings.  It will also assist students to appreciate developments in psychiatric/mental health care over the years to stimulate them to develop interest in mental health care.
NURS 108 Fundamentals of Mental Health Nursing 
This course is designed to equip the student with knowledge of the theoretical basis for psychiatric mental health nursing.  It includes the processes of assessment, admission and discharge of various categories of people with mental health problems, as well as the legal and ethical issues involved in these processes.  This knowledge will guide the student to identify clients’ problems, determine and respect clients’ rights in psychiatric nursing practice.
NURS 109 Nursing Perspectives
This course is designed to introduce students to the nursing profession.  It explores the historical development of nursing, different perspectives on the professionalism of the nurse, ethical standards, and the legal implications of nursing practice.  Students will also be acquainted with the objectives and structure of the various nursing and health related organizations, and the new trends in nursing care.
NURS 111 Trauma and Emergency Nursing
The course introduces students to the various types of trauma and their management. It will also equip the students with knowledge and skills that can be utilized to provide safety / emergency care to individuals in the community.  The course would include practical sessions in the laboratory and students would be expected to do return demonstration on competencies demonstrated.
NURS 114 Psychology for Nurses
The course is designed to help the students appreciate the behavioural characteristics of humans. The course will examine theories underlying human behaviour. The physical, cognitive, and psychosocial factors influencing human responses to illness will be explored. Students will be introduced to appropriate mechanisms that can be used in meeting the needs of individuals with negative response to illness.
NURS 116 Obstetric Anatomy and Normal Pregnancy
This course is designed to introduce the students to obstetric anatomy and physiology, and management of normal pregnancy.
NURS 118 Fundamentals of Nursing
This course is to introduce students to the basic concepts and techniques in nursing. Students will acquire knowledge and skills to carry out basic nursing procedures through the use of the nursing process and infection prevention practices. It will offer students opportunity to demonstrate skills acquired and to properly document all nursing care given to patients.
NURS 122 Nursing Practical I
This course will expose students to clinical and field experiences in emergency and trauma care, primary health care and mental health. The purpose of the placement is to enable students gain skills in basic nursing within the different clinical areas. It will be offered partly during the semester and continued as a six week long vacation course. During the long vacation, students will be placed in medical/surgical units of selected hospitals for two weeks. They will also work in polyclinics and psychiatric hospitals for two weeks respectively.
Level 200
NURS 231 Principles and Practice of Health Assessment
The course is designed to equip students with knowledge and skills in carrying out comprehensive health assessment. Students will be taken through the physical assessment of the human body in relation to the various body systems. They will gain competency in determining normal and abnormal functioning of organs and systems. The course will consist of classroom teaching and skills demonstration.
NURS 232 Medical Conditions of Integumentary, Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Systems
This course introduces students to medical conditions of the integumentary, gastrointestinal, and endocrine systems. The conditions will be discussed with reference to definition, types, prevalence, aetiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestation, diagnostic investigations, differential diagnosis and management. The framework for nursing management will be Betty Neumann’s prevention concept and Virginia Henderson’s nursing components.
NURS 233 Medical Microbiology and Parasitology
This course is designed to give students knowledge about microbial organisms, how infections and infestation are transmitted and how to disinfect and sterilize materials.  The course has a concurrent practical component to enable students view micro-organisms using the light microscope. The importance is to apply the knowledge gained to prevent cross infection.
NURS 234 Surgical Conditions of Integumentary, Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Systems
The course will focus on surgical conditions of the integumentary, gastrointestinal and endocrine systems, and their surgical interventions. Neoplasms will also be discussed. The conditions will be discussed with reference to definition, types, prevalence, aetiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestation, diagnostic investigations, differential diagnosis, and conservative/surgical management. The framework for nursing management will be Levine’s conservation principles and the nursing process.
NURS 235 Normal Labour and Puerperium
This course is designed to introduce the student to the stages and management of normal labour and normal puerperium. The students are expected to gain competencies that will enable them to give appropriate care during labour and puerperium. It will also involve skills demonstration and clinical placement.
NURS 236  Abnormal Pregnancy, Labour and Puerperium
This course is designed to enable the student midwife diagnose and manage abnormalities associated with pregnancy, labour and puerperium.
NURS 237 Theoretical Foundations of Nursing
This course is designed to provide nursing students insight into the multiple nursing theories.  The course will focus on theory and practical application of the concepts discussed. It will consist of presentations and applied exercises.  The students will be given the opportunity to critically analyze some of the existing nursing theories and equip them to meet professional and social expectations.
NURS 238 Classification and Management of Mental Disorders 
This course is designed to provide nursing students insight into the multiple nursing theories.  The course will focus on theory and practical application of the concepts discussed. It will consist of presentations and applied exercises.  The students will be given the opportunity to critically analyze some of the existing nursing theories and equip them to meet professional and social expectations.
This course will focus on the classification of mental disorders, developmental, behavioural and anxiety disorders. Students will be introduced to assessment and management of these conditions.
NURS 239 Pharmacology
This course is designed to equip students with knowledge in basic concepts of pharmacology. Students will be introduced to the principles of drug administration, effects of drugs as well as excretion of drugs from the body. The different classes of drugs and their effect on the various body systems will be discussed. Various side effects of drugs will also be analyzed.
NURS 241 Foetal and Child Development
This course offers students knowledge on conceptual and foetal development, growth and development of the child.
NURS 242 Medical and Surgical Conditions of the Newborn and the Child
This course is designed with knowledge and skills to manage the newborn and the child. It will enable students manage medical and surgical conditions in the newborn and the child.
NURS 243 Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases
The course is designed to equip students with knowledge and skills in prevention and care of individuals/families with communicable diseases. Students will be introduced to theory of disease, epidemiology, control principles and methods, control strategies and organization of diseases of public health importance. Disease notification and health regulations in public health will also be emphasized.
NURS 244 Management of Child Welfare Clinics
This course is designed to enable students develop competencies in community health practice. Students will be taken through the nursing process as applied in community health nursing, organization of child welfare clinics and immunization. They will carry out home visits and conduct a study on a problem family.
NURS 245 Nursing Practical II
This practical course is designed to enable students gain competencies in medical/surgical and paediatric nursing.  The focus will include assessment of patients, admission and discharging of patients, administration of medication and care of patients using the nursing process.  There will be practical examination at the end of the session. Students are expected to continue with practical experience during the inter-semester break.
NURS 246 Nursing Practical III
The course aims at giving students the opportunity to apply the nursing process in caring for patients with conditions affecting integumentary, digestive and endocrine systems.  Students will also gain skills in the management of pregnant women during antenatal, labour and puerperium. There will also be placement in the community and psychiatric hospital.  There will be practical examinations at the end of the session.
NURS 248 Nutrition and Dietetics
This course is designed to help students appreciate the value of nutrients in health and illness. The student will be introduced to the different types of food nutrients, their functions and sources. The effects of over-nutrition and under-nutrition will be stressed. The concept of convalescent diet, special diet and planning meals for ill patients will also be examined. The nutritional requirements for specific disease conditions will be discussed. Students will also be introduced to how to assess the nutritional status individuals.
NURS 252 Pathology
This course is designed to expose students to pathological processes that occur in the human body.  Students will be taken through cellular basis of disease, inflammatory processes and healing of wounds and fractures. The concepts of immunology and development of neoplasm will be discussed.  There will be concurrent practical sessions to expose students to pathological tissues macroscopically and microscopically.
Level 300
NURS 331 Medical Conditions of Respiratory, Cardiovascular and Genitourinary Systems
This course is designed to enable students develop competencies in managing patients with medical conditions of the respiratory, cardiovascular and genitourinary systems. The conditions will be discussed with reference to description of the condition, types, prevalence, aetiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestation, diagnostic investigations, differential diagnosis and management. The framework for nursing management will be Betty Neuman’s prevention principles and the nursing process.
NURS 332 Medical Conditions of Nervous and Musculo-Skeletal Systems and Sensori-Neural Organs
The course will expose students to medical conditions of the nervous, musculo-skeletal system and sensori-neural organs. The conditions will be discussed with reference to definition, types, prevalence, aetiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestation, diagnostic investigations, differential diagnosis and management. The framework for nursing management will be Betty Neuman’s prevention principles and the nursing process.
NURS 333 Surgical Conditions of Respiratory, Cardiovascular and Genitourinary Systems
The course is designed to enable students develop competencies in managing patients with surgical conditions of the respiratory, cardiovascular and genitourinary systems. The conditions will be discussed with reference to definition, types, prevalence, aetiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestation, diagnostic investigations, differential diagnosis and management. The framework for nursing management will be Levine’s conservation principles and the nursing process.
NURS 334 Surgical Conditions of Nervous and Musculo-Skeletal Systems and Sensori-Neural Organs
The course is designed to help students develop competencies in managing surgical conditions of the nervous and musculoskeletal system and sensori-neural organs. The conditions will be examined based on the definition, prevalence, aetiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestation, diagnostic investigations, surgical and conservative management. Levine’s conservation principles and the nursing process will be the framework for discussing nursing interventions.
NURS 335 Community Health Service Organization and Participation
This course will equip students with the requisite knowledge and skills relating to community health practice. Students will be taken through community diagnosis, mobilization, organization and participation. The sources of community data, measurement of morbidity and mortality, and health indices will also be discussed. Students will be assigned in groups to carry out a community study as part of the course.
NURS 336 Occupational and Community Health Services
The course is aimed at assisting students to develop competencies in providing school, occupational, outreach and reproductive/adolescent health services. The problems of the school child, care of the physically/psychologically impaired and the aged will also be discussed. The students will be assigned in groups to undertake school health and health outreach services.
NURS 337 Nursing Practical IV
This course offers students the opportunity to apply knowledge and skills acquired in performing various nursing procedures.  They will be placed on selected wards.  There will be practical examinations at the end of the session. Students are expected to continue with practical experience during the inter-semester break.
NURS 338 Nursing Practical V
This course will equip students with skills in managing patients pre-, intra-, and post-, operatively.  They will be placed in general and specialized theatres during the semester.  Students will have psychiatric, obstetric and gynaecological nursing experiences during the long vacation.
NURS 339 Reproductive Health
This course is designed to give students insight into physical and emotional maturity of adolescents and associated problems, adolescent sexuality and associated risks. It will also expose students to basic principles of population dynamics and family planning.
NURS 341 High Risk Neonate
The course is designed to provide the students with knowledge and skills to identify and manage the high risk neonate, recognise emergency conditions and take appropriate actions.
NURS 342 Medical Surgical Conditions in Childhood
The course is designed to provide students with knowledge and skills in managing medical and surgical conditions in children. Conditions affecting the endocrine, renal, gastrointestinal tract as well as tumours, genetic disorders and congenital malformations will be discussed.
NURS 343 Principles of Psychiatric Nursing
The course introduces students to the principles of psychiatric nursing. Students will be exposed to the knowledge and skills in assessing and managing clients with major psychiatric disorders.
NURS 344 Management of Major Psychiatric Disorders
This course is a continuation of NURS 313. It will assist students to plan and deliver care that will stabilise the individual client’s health status   to facilitate reintegration of the client into the community.
NURS 345 Nursing Research
This course is designed to introduce students to the use of the scientific process in identification, study and solution of problems. The students will be introduced to the principles and techniques of the research process. It will stimulate critical thinking and promote evidence-based practice.
NURS 346 Proposal Development and Report Writing
The course is designed to build on NURS 315 and assist students to be able to identify health and nursing problems in the course of their work and design simple but appropriate research to solve those problems. Students are expected to develop competencies in writing research proposals and report. It will also create in students the need for dissemination and utilization of research findings. They will be assigned supervisors to guide them through the research process.
NURS 348 Gynaecological Nursing and Obstetric / Gynaecological Operations
The course is designed to equip the student with knowledge on the various disorders of the female reproductive system, and manage clients with gynaecological problems, and in obstetric and gynaecological operations.
NURS 352 Advanced Clinical Nursing I
This course will enable students develop competencies in preparing patients for diagnostic procedures, setting trays and trolleys for various therapeutic procedures. Procedures of the integumentary, cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal and genitourinary systems will be discussed. There will be concurrent practical skill demonstrations.
Level 400
NURS 400 Project work
This course is designed to test the students’ ability to identify a health and nursing problem and design appropriate research into that problem.  The course is aimed at testing the ability of students to search for literature, collect quality data and produce a standard scientific project work.  The student is expected to present the research problem for approval and carry out the research under supervision of lecturers.  At the end of the second semester, two copies of typed work will be presented for assessment.
NURS 451 Tools and Methods of Teaching Nursing
This course will introduce nursing students to the theory, philosophy, and principles in teaching and learning. It aims at equipping nursing students with the knowledge and skills that the nurse educator requires in order to translate curriculum objectives into measurable outcomes.  This course also introduces students to the major teaching and learning strategies. It aims at equipping the student with skills in facilitating active student learning and critical thinking.
NURS 452 Curriculum Development in Nursing Education 
The course introduces students to basic concepts and the application of curriculum development process to nursing education in particular.  Factors influencing curriculum development and learning are examined in relation to nursing education.  Students will study and critique nursing curricula at various levels.
NURS 453 Principles of Management in Nursing
This course presents the basis of the theory and science of management, and the management of the national health system.  It emphasizes the essentials of management that are pertinent to the effective work of nurses while maintaining their human relation skills gained from nursing practice and sustaining the values that originally attracted them to nursing.
The functions of management – planning, organizing, staffing and leading, and controlling will provide the conceptual framework for nurses to understand the contemporary challenges nurse managers face with management of the workforce, health financing, budgeting, ethical decision-making, technology management, health information systems, and emerging workplace issues.  This course lays the groundwork for an understanding of the nature and importance of managing and of management as a developed and important science for managing health service organizations.
NURS 454 Administration of Nursing Services and Schools
The present day concept in nursing service administration is to demonstrate administrative functions that will provide therapeutic and satisfying situations for patients and personnel.  The course is designed to prepare student/nurse administrators for working in dynamic health care environments with acute, long-term, community orientations and school of nursing. The course provides practical approaches for applying leadership and management skills.
NURS 455 Biostatistics
This course is designed to equip students with skills in basic statistical methods used in health research. In particular, students will learn methods of describing data and how to interpret and use confidence intervals and significance tests, the most common methods of allowing for random variation in research results. The presentation and comparison of proportions and means will be covered. As part of this course, students will learn to make practical use of a statistical computer package.
NURS 456 Teaching Practice
This course is a practical component of NURS 401 which exposed students to variety of methods suitable for teaching. It aims at equipping the student with teaching skills. Students are expected to have practice teaching in the classroom setting where they will be evaluated by their lecturers and peers.
NURS 457 Nursing Practical VI (Specialty Option)
This course gives students the opportunity to undertake nursing practicum in child health, maternal health, adult health, community health and mental health depending on their specialty options.
NURS 458 Nursing Practical VII (Specialty Option)
The course gives the student the opportunity to continue with nursing practicum in their specialty option.
NURS 459 Advanced Clinical Nursing II
This course is a continuation of NURS 322 which aimed at assisting students to develop competencies in preparing patients for diagnostic procedures, setting trays and trolleys for various therapeutic procedures. Medical and surgical procedures of the endocrine, neurologic, reproductive systems and sensori-neural organs will also be discussed. Students will also be exposed to ward management and nursing records. There will be practical demonstrations and return demonstration.
NURS 461 Nursing Seminar
This course is designed to provide students the opportunity to discuss events and issues that influence health in general and/or nursing in particular.    Students are expected to identify topics of interest to them and make presentations to the class for discussion and critique.
NURS 462 Palliative care and Hospital Emergency Management
The course is designed to enhance students’ knowledge and skills in managing medical emergencies. They will also be introduced to managing clients / families with life threatening illnesses.
NURS 463 Peri-Operative and Critical Care Nursing
The course will equip students with the knowledge and clinical skills needed to provide care for adult patients requiring surgery and critical care. It consists of classroom teaching and practical sessions in peri-operative nursing and critical care.
NURS 464 Childhood Chronic and Life Threatening Diseases
The students will acquire knowledge and skills to enable them manage children with life threatening illnesses through the application of palliative care. The students will also develop competencies in managing children with chronic illnesses that are not life threatening and children on life support.
NURS 465 Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses
The course is designed to provide the student with knowledge and skills in the use of a more integrated approach to manage sick children to achieve better outcomes.
NURS 466 Home-Based Nursing and National Health Programme 
This course prepares students for community and home-based nursing. There will be discussions on the changing policies and practice in National Health programmes.
NURS 467 Community Health Nursing Administration
This course will enable students build their knowledge and skills in health care systems management, occupational health and safety, regenerative health, school health and port health.  They will also be involved in disease surveillance and control, special immunization programmes and public health administration.
NURS 468 Domiciliary Midwifery  
The course is designed to help the student acquire knowledge to carry out domiciliary midwifery services in the community. The student will also manage clients and families in the community during pregnancy, labour and puerperium and compile the care given into a written document.
NURS 469 Advanced Midwifery Practice 
This course is designed to enable the student midwife diagnose and manage various abnormalities associated with pregnancy, labour and puerperium. There will be demonstration and clinical components. The student is also expected to present patient / family maternity care study.
NURS 471 Theoretical Frameworks in Mental Health Nursing
This course is designed to introduce the student to theoretical frameworks used in mental health care. Learners will also examine family development structure, process and concepts and review their theoretical underpinnings from family theory. It is also designed to enable learners to be abreast with trends emerging in mental health care and also to appreciate the relationship between social behaviour and health. The learner will also learn to plan to care for specific mental disorders.
NURS 472 Advanced Practice in Mental Health Nursing
This course is designed to help students develop an understanding of the complexity, rewards and challenges of working in various specialty areas in the context of primary health care delivery system. Aging and developmental processes will be learnt. The student will understand the significance of the family and loved ones in planning care for the various categories of disorders. Students will be placed in chosen specialty area to carry out and present a project work.
Graduate Course Information
MSc  in Nursing
NURS 601  MANAGEMENT THEORIES AND HEALTH POLICIES 
This course provides an introduction to various organizational theories underlying major management functions. Management principles are examined and applied to the health care system. Issues and factors that lead to formulation, development and implementation of health policies are discussed and the nurses’ influence in this process identified.
Graduates from this programme will be expected to provide nursing leadership in senior positions in Ghana’s health care and educational systems as well as in government, non- governmental and community organizations. Classroom discussions will include: theoretical concepts relevant to structure, process and design of organizations, leadership behaviour, the legal framework for health care, the development of health care and educational policy, innovation and change, inter-organizational politics, interdisciplinary relations, fiscal accountability, health system integration, research and evaluation. Central to the course are the implications of organization and management theory, leadership behaviour, and research activities to the education of nurses and the provision of nursing services.
NURS 602  ISSUES IN NURSING AND HEALTH CARE DELIVERY 
The course examines the place of nursing in the health care delivery system: social economic, political and historical factors are examined in the context of their influence on the health of society and the delivery of health services; issues affecting the roles of nursing and inter-sectoral cooperation with other health care providers in the delivery of health services are studied within local, national and international organizations. Leadership in nursing, nursing professionalism and values, and strategies for instituting change will also be covered.
NURS 604  CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT IN NURSING 
In this course, factors that underpin and influence curriculum development are analyzed; principles, concepts and learning theories from educational psychology and nursing are applied to the process of curriculum throughout the stages of development, in relation to new programmes and curriculum change. Opportunity is provided for developing a curriculum and for examining different types of curricula for the purpose of curriculum evaluation.
NURS 605  FOUNDATIONS OF ADVANCED NURSING PRACTICE 
Tools and procedures employed by nurses/midwives to develop and implement scientific- based nursing/midwifery care and practice are examined theoretically. Communication skills, complete physical assessment skills, interpersonal relationships, problem-solving approaches and values are stressed.
NURS 606  INSTRUCTIONAL METHODOLOGIES AND EVALUATION 
The focus of this course is on the processes and methods of instruction of nursing students in various settings. Opportunity is provided for students to practice instructional processes of identifying learning needs and preparing and implementing teaching strategies as well as developing evaluation procedures. Emphasis will be placed on adult learning techniques.
NURS 607  PROGRAMME PLANNING AND EVALUATION 
This course provides insight into programme planning and evaluation with an emphasis on health-related projects. There is a consensus within the health sector that programme planning and evaluation represent a major constraint in both domestic and international programmes. Many project planners and administrators may not have the necessary skills or understanding to develop and manage such projects. The course will focus on theory and the application of theory related to the program planning and evaluation process.
NURS 608  HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN HEALTH CARE 
This course examines leadership in instituting change, effective use of communication skills and the acquisition and maintenance of human resources in nursing service administration. Strategies for in-service education and the development of human resources are examined.
NURS 609  INDEPENDENT STUDY 1: CLINICAL THEORY 
This innovative course affords students the opportunity for self-directed study. The course is designed to meet the needs of a wide variety of practitioners. Students will be expected to apply the theoretical knowledge and skills acquired in their various specialities to real life situations in the field. Students will be allowed to outline their own objectives and determine learning experiences that will maximize critical and/or analytical thinking. Students are encouraged to explore avenues that will enable them to gain much insight into their specialities, improve their understanding of current issues in their areas of interest, and formulate a knowledge base that will serve as a basis for a planned change in existing health services. Students will be assigned academic supervisors for on-going consultation and will be offered opportunities to share and debate their experiences with a panel of experts for constructive criticism.
NURS 612  ADMINISTRATION OF HEALTH CARE INSTITUTIONS 
This course examines the leadership and managerial role of the nurse manager, and applies management principles and processes to nursing service. Special attention is paid to resources management including finances. Practical experience is provided by placement of students in health care institutions for observation and participation in administrative activities.
NURS 626  INDEPENDENT STUDY 2: CLINICAL PRACTICE 
This course is designed to allow students to explore in depth, clinical areas of interest.
Students will choose a specialty area of nursing, formulate objectives, learning strategies and evaluate the outcomes. Six hours of clinical practice per week will be required. It is expected that students will use this opportunity to build on previous areas of nursing expertise or interest in order to develop advanced expertise in the area of focus. There will be regular meetings with faculty and supervisors. Papers from individual projects will be presented in an open lecture to which students, faculty, and the wider nursing community will critique.
NURS 630  SEMINAR PRESENTATION 
The purpose of this course is to create opportunity for students to present and critique
papers. Students will also be required to do a presentation on their dissertation (NURS 640) and lead a discussion about the implications of their work. Students are expected to attend and participate in all presentations.
MPHIL COURSE DESCRIPTIONS 
MPil in Nursing
NURS 601  MANAGEMENT THEORIES AND HEALTH POLICIES 
This Course introduces the student to various organizational theories that underlie the major management functions. Management principles are examined and applied to the health care industry. Issues and factors that lead to formulation, development and implementation of health policies are discussed and the nurses’ influence in this process identified.
NURS 602  ISSUES IN NURSING AND HEALTH CARE DELIVERY 
The course examines the place of nursing in the health care delivery system; social, economic political and historical factors arc examined in the context of their influence on the health of society and the delivery of health services; issues affecting the roles of nursing and inter-sectoral cooperation with other health care providers in the delivery of health services are studied within local, national and international organizations. Leadership in nursing, nursing professionalism and values, and strategies for instituting change are also covered.
NURS 603  THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS FOR ADVANCED NURSING 
This course explores current nursing concepts, theories and philosophies that provide the framework for nursing practice both in hospitals and within the community. The interrelationships among theory, practice and research are emphasized.
NURS 604  CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT IN NURSING 
Factors that underlie and influence curriculum development are analysed; principles, concepts and learning theories from educational psychology and nursing theories are applied to the process of curriculum building, throughout the stages of development, in relation to new programmes and curriculum change. Opportunity is provided for developing a curriculum and for examining different types of curriculum for the purpose of curriculum evaluation.
NURS 605  FOUNDATIONS OF ADVANCED NURSING PRACTICE 
Tools and procedures employed by nurses/midwives to develop and implement scientifically based nursing/midwifery care and practice are examined theoretically. Communication skills, physical assessment skills, interpersonal relationships, problem solving approaches and values are stressed.
NURS 606  INSTRUCTIONAL METHODOLOGIES AND EVALUATION 
The focus of this course is on the processes and methodologies of instruction of nursing students in various settings. Opportunity is provided for students to practice instructional processes of identifying learning needs and preparing and implementing teaching strategies as well as developing evaluation procedures. Emphasis will be placed on the adult learning techniques
NURS 608  HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN HEALTH CARE 
This course examines leadership in instituting change, effective use of communication skills and the acquisition and maintenance of human resources in nursing service administration. Strategies for in-service education towards development and improvement of education of human resources are examined.
NURS 610     SEMINAR I 
In year 1, each student in a Department or Programme is expected to attend all seminars specified and make his/her own presentation on selected topics to an audience. Each student will be expected to make at least one oral presentation to be assessed each semester and also present a full write-up of the presentation for another assessment. These will earn a total of 3 credits.
NURS 612     ADMINISTRATION OF HEALTH CARE INSTITUTIONS 
This course examines the leadership and management role of the nurse manager, and attempts to apply management principles and processes to nursing service. The course will examine the concept, scope and importance of financial management. Practical experience is provided by placement of students in health care institutions for observation and participation in administrative activities.
NURS 614     ADULT HEALTH NURSING 
This course provides the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts, principles and theories basic to decision making in the provision of care to the sick adult, male and female, and explores interrelationships between the health of the individual and that of his family in health and during illness. Opportunity is provided for the student to focus on the study of tools and procedures in the care and management of patients with acute medical/surgical conditions; with chronic medical/surgical-conditions; and also on the teaching and supervision of others giving care. Students will be required to select an area of specialty.
NURS 616     FAMILY HEALTH NURSINGIMIDWIFERY 
This course is a second level course of the study of the woman throughout her childbearing years. Opportunity is provided for exposure to contemporary issues in the study of the three trimesters of pregnancy, labour and peurperium, including nutritional requirements and high risk situations for the mother and child during the various stages as well as life saving skills during labour. The roles of other members of the family such as husbands and children are studied in relation to their influence on mother and child health. Opportunity is provided for the management of at least 5 families. Population issues are discussed, and skills in delivering family planning services provided. The role of the nurse midwife as a family primary provider is also expected.
NURS 618     CHILD HEALTH NURSING 
The course provides opportunity for in-depth study of the developmental and health problems of infants and children through adolescence. Emphasis is placed on promotion and maintenance of health, development and prevention of health problem in this age group, in homes, institutions and community using the multi-disciplinary approach. The nursing process is employed as the basis of management of the more common diseases and conditions peculiar to the age group. Opportunity is provided for the care and management of both healthy and sick children, in acute and chronic health care facilities as well as in the community using the team approach.
NURS 620     SEMINAR 11 
For year 2, each student will make a presentation soon after the Year I examinations on his/her Thesis Research Proposal and also present a progress report midway into the second semester. These will be assessed for 3 credits.
NURS 622     COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING 
This course is based on the nurses’ previous knowledge of resources for community services and various roles nurses play within this service. Socio-economic and political forces that shape health policies will be explored. Interpretation of health policies and their implementation at the national, regional and district levels are examined and nursing policies derived and developed from role expectations for community health. Emphasis will be placed on development and analysis of community based programmes designed for health maintenance and promotion, disease prevention and identification and utilization of resources for community health. Opportunity is provided for special focus on services for specified population groups with extensive practical training.
NURS 624  MENTAL HEALTH NURSING 
The principles and practice of mental health promotion and maintenance and prevention of mental illness are discussed as bases for study of psychopathology and therapeutics. The major psychiatric diagnoses and interventions are reviewed with emphasis on nursing interventions. Nursing process as a choice of nursing tool for care management is practiced both in institutional and community management of psychiatric patients with acute and chronic conditions.

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